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In order to achieve rapid economic growth of the country by increasing the inflow of foreign investment, particularly through industrialization, special steps have been taken since 1980 by setting up Export processing Zones (EPZ) in the country. Initially three special zones were set up in Chittagong (Halishahar), Dhaka (Savar) and Khulna (Mongla) where favorable facilities/assistance are provided to the potential investors both Bangladeshi and foreigners. The Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ) started from 1983-84 while the Dhaka Export Processing Zone (DEPZ) started from 1993-94. Later, EPZs have also been established in Mongla of Khulna, Ishwardi of Pabna , Comilla, Uttara of Syedpur in the district of Nilphamary, Adamjee of Narayanganj and Karnaphuli of Chittagong which are classified into three types i.e. A-type (100% foreign investment), B-type (Joint venture between Bangladeshi and foreigners) and C-type (100% Bangladeshi enterprises).

At the end of June, 2017 type-wise number of functioning enterprise are shown in Table-5.
Table-6 shows the export receipts by the EPZ enterprises since 1988-89. The data are collected from Bangladesh Export Processing Zone Authority (BEPZA)
TABLE- 6
Year Amount in Crore Taka Amount in Million US $
1988-89

50.8

16

1989-90

111.0

34

1990-91

169.2

48

1991-92

258.9

68

1992-93

428.5

110

1993-94

411.7

103

1994-95

822.4

205

1995-96

1135.4

278

1996-97

1580.0

370

1997-98

2450.1

539

1998-99

2910.5

606

1999-00

3649.8

725

2000-01

4766.8

883

2001-02

4977.3

867

2002-03

5379.2

929

2003-04

6055.0

1027

2004-05

7245.1

1180

2005-06

9137.6

1362

2006-07

10464.5

1516

2007-08

11884.5

1732

2008-09

13074.3

1900

2009-10

14879.1

2150

2010-11

20001.9

2801

2011-12

27085.5

3426

2012-13

30548.9

3829

2013-14

34819.8

4480

2014-15

38515.1

4958

2015-16 42585.8 5439
2016-17 41281.3 5214
2017-18 47527.6 5785
Source : Bangladesh   Export   Processing    Zones   Authority  (BEPZA).
1 Crore = 10 million
 

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